- The seed of the mustard plant, also known as Brassica campestris, is used to make an oil known as mustard oil (MO), which has a pungent flavor and scent characteristic of mustard.
- This oil has a distinctive FAs profile, is high in oleic acid, and is in demand in the edible oil sector due to its extended shelf life and cholesterol-lowering capability.
- It also has a unique FAs profile (Khan et al., 2013).
The seeds of the mustard plant, which is a member of the cruciferous plant family and is known scientifically as Brassica campestris, are used to press mustard oil. Although it is native to the Mediterranean areas, it is not difficult to cultivate in many other places of the world. It is characterized by having a flavor and scent that are typically pungent.
Which plant is used to extract mustard oil?
(2) Mustard oil may be obtained by pressing the seeds of the mustard plant. The fruit of the banana plant is consumed for its nutritional value, while the banana plant’s blossoms are also consumed for their nutritional value in the form of vegetables. The first signs of life in a seed are termed sprouts, and they appear as the development of very little roots.
What are the edible parts of mustard plant?
There are two components of the mustard plant that may be consumed: the leaves and the seeds. The leaves are eaten as a leafy vegetable, and the seeds are ground up to make mustard.
Why are groundnut and mustard seeds called oilseeds?
Oilseeds are seeds like groundnuts and mustard seeds that may be used to extract edible oils. Edible oils are used in the kitchen to prepare a variety of foods. (2) Mustard oil may be obtained by pressing the seeds of the mustard plant.
How is mustard oil made?
The mustard seed must first be crushed into a powder, then the powder and water must be combined, and finally the essential oil must be distilled from the mixture that is produced. Distilling the seed in a dry environment is another method for producing it.