The chloroplast is the most extensive organelle that may be found in a cell. It is 10 micrometers in length and has a thickness of 2 micrometers. Its primary location is in the cells of plants, where it plays an active role in the process of photosynthesis.
Which organelle is the largest organelle in a cell?
The nucleus of a cell is the biggest organelle in the cell; the chloroplast, which is exclusive to plant cells and is significantly larger than a mitochondrion, is the second largest organelle in a cell.
Which organelle is present in the eukaryotic cell?
(a) Nucleus (d) Mitochondria. Learn more about what the community thinks and get a badge. The nucleus is the most extensive organelle in the cell. There is a nucleus present in each and every eukaryotic cell. The genetic material is stored in the nucleus. The nucleus has the form of a sphere in its structure.
What are the organelles of a plant cell?
- THE ORGANELLES THAT MAKE UP A PLANT CELL AND THE FUNCTIONS THEY PLAY The plasma membrane is responsible for separating the cell from its surrounding environment and for controlling the flow of materials into and out of the cell.
- Mitochondria: Oxidize ATP.
- Protein synthesis takes place in the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER).
- Synthesis of lipids and drug metabolism are both carried out in the smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER).
What is the function of nucleus in plant cell?
- An organelle that is present in the cells of plants and algae and is the site of photosynthesis.
- The nucleus of a plant cell is often the biggest organelle in the cell.
- The nuclear envelope is a multilayered membrane that surrounds and protects the nucleus.
- A layer of phospholipids that covers the surface of a cell and functions as a barrier between the inside of a cell and the environment that surrounds the cell.