Potatoes are a type of root vegetable that are indigenous to the Americas. Potatoes are starchy tubers that grow on the Solanum tuberosum plant. The plant is a member of the Solanaceae family, which is often known as the nightshade family.
What are the parts of a potato plant called?
The tubers, which are specialized roots of these plants, develop underground and contain the edible components of the plant. These tubers are used by potatoes and other plants to store sugars, also known as carbohydrates, which are used by the plant as a source of the energy and nutrients it needs to reproduce.
Why are potatoes called root crops?
The term ″root crop″ is frequently used to refer to potatoes.People consider potatoes to be roots due to the fact that they grow underground.However, potatoes are not roots.Instead, potatoes are specialized stems that grow from the base of the plant, which is called the root.
These underground stems are known as tubers.The tuber of the potato acts as a large store reserve for a variety of nutrients.
What part of the potato is the tuber?
The subterranean stem structures known as rhizomes of the potato grow into tubers at the very end of their development.The sweetpotato is actually a modified root, in contrast to the regular potato, which is a stem.Underground stems are those that run at or just below the surface of the soil and have nodes that root as well as lengthy internodes that create new plants at their ends.Underground stems are also known as basal stems.