Pure lines can be created in plant breeding by choosing high-yielding cultivars and letting them breed with themselves. What exactly are pure lines, though? In order to provide an answer to this question, we may say that pure lines are the offspring of self-pollinated homozygous plants that are breeding true for that specific characteristic.
What is the process of plant breeding?
Breeding of plants. selection. In terms of selection A pure line of organisms with solely the desired features can be formed by a process known as pure-line selection. This process entails choosing and breeding progeny from superior organisms for a number of generations until a pure line of organisms has been established.
What is the genetic basis of pure-line selection?
In spite of this, a Danish scientist named Johannsen provided an explanation for the genetic foundation of pure lines in the year 1903.A self-pollinated homozygous plant will have offspring that are identical to itself.This is what is meant by the term ″pure-line.″ Pure-line selection, also known as individual plant selection, refers to the process of developing a new variety of plant by locating and isolating a single plant that has produced the finest progeny.
Why is pure line selection called individual plant selection?
During the process of pure line selection, a large number of plants are chosen from a crop that is capable of producing its own pollen and are harvested individually.The individual plant progenies that result from these plants are then evaluated separately, and the variety that performs the best is the one that is released as a pure line variety.Because of this, it is also known as the selection of individual plants.
What are the steps involved in pure line selection?
The process of selecting pure lines involves four key processes, the fourth of which is the release of the finest pure line as a variety. For pure-line selection, a traditional variety or land race may be utilized. Single plants are chosen from the diverse population in order to achieve the goal of selection while the process is being carried out.
How are pure lines produced?
In-breeding is the process that produces pure lineages. Inbreeding is the practice of mating between members of the same family or other very close relatives. For the sake of this, an exceptional male and an exceptional female are chosen, and then they are impregnated. To carry on with the procedure, the best men and girls from the subsequent generation are chosen for selection.
What is pure line selection in plant breeding?
The selecting process. A pure line of organisms with solely the desired features can be formed by a process known as pure-line selection. This process entails choosing and breeding progeny from superior organisms for a number of generations until a pure line of organisms has been established.
How do you create a line in plant breeding?
Plant varieties that normally reproduce themselves by self-pollination are the ones that are employed for line breeding (e.g. barley, wheat, oats and peas). Even before they move on from the blooming stage, plants like these are fertilized by the pollen of their own species.
What is a pure line of plants?
A self-pollinated homozygous plant will have offspring that are identical to itself.This is what is meant by the term ″pure-line.″ Pure-line selection, also known as individual plant selection, refers to the process of developing a new variety of plant by locating and isolating a single plant that has produced the finest progeny.This technique is typically utilized in species that are capable of self-pollination.
Which is a rapid method of producing pure lines?
The DH technique was designed as a way for producing pure lines that is more expedient than the usual method.
What is a pure line in genetics?
Medical A homogeneous line of descent is what is meant by the term ″pure line.″ A pure line is defined as the following: a group of closely related individuals who have the same genetic constitution (such as the offspring of a parent who is homozygous and self-fertilized); a line of descent that is theoretically realizable through the inbreeding of completely homozygous and comparable parents.
What are major steps involved in pure line selection?
The following are the primary steps involved in the manufacture of pureline variety: A local or traditional variety, land race, or other mixed population of plants may be used to select individual plants for breeding purposes. Evaluation of the individual plant progenies based on appearance. Experiments on yield.
What is pure line selection and mass selection?
Pure line selection refers to the process of selecting and breeding progeny obtained from superior organisms for multiple generations in order to attain a pure line of organisms having desired characteristics only, whereas mass selection refers to the process of collecting seeds from individual plants that show the desirable characteristics.
What is pure line hybridization?
The creation of hybrid seeds involves either the hybridization of parent lines, often known as ″pure lines,″ or the crossover of these lines with other parent lines. Plants that ″breed true″ or generate sexual progeny that are genetically identical to their parents are referred to as pure lines.
Who gave the pure line theory?
In the early 20th century, Wilhelm Johannsen proposed his pure line theory and the distinction between genotype and phenotype. This body of work is revered as one of the most important founding contributions to genetics and Mendelian plant breeding, and it is regarded as one of the most important genetic breakthroughs of all time.
What is an example of line breeding?
A classic illustration of line breeding would be a relationship between a father and his daughter, then between a father and his granddaughter, and finally between a father and his great granddaughter. However, there are other possibilities, such as having a half brother or sister or having a cousin.
What is a three line system?
It is necessary to have three lines, labeled A, B, and R, in order to generate hybrid rice varieties using the three line approach. A line is said to be cytoplasm-genetic male sterile if its sterility in males is regulated jointly by a recessive nuclear gene and sterile cytoplasm.
Is pure line homozygous?
-The pure line only contains genotypes that are the result of inbreeding.It refers to a lineage that, over the course of several generations, has been bred to be homozygous for all of the genes in question.It is a line in which individuals who are homozygous can only have children who are also homozygous like their parents.Because of this, the term ″pure line breed″ refers exclusively to homozygosity.
How are pure lines used in crop improvement?
Pure Line Selection: In pure line selection, a large number of plants are chosen from a crop that is capable of producing its own pollen and are harvested individually.The individual plant progenies that result from these plants are then evaluated separately, and the pure line variety that produces the best results is the one that is released.Because of this, it is also known as the selection of individual plants.
What is developed through mutational breeding?
The technique of exposing seeds to chemicals, radiation, or enzymes in order to develop mutants with desired qualities that may then be mated with other cultivars is referred to as mutation breeding.Variation breeding is another term that is used interchangeably with mutation breeding.The process of mutagenesis can result in the creation of plants that are referred to as mutagenic plants or seeds.