- Uganda ratified the Cartagena Protocol in April 2004. Since then industry and biotechnology stakeholders have been waiting for a revision of the law to make it functional.
- National Agricultural research Organization (NARO) established in 2005.
- Uganda National Council of Science and Technology (UNCST) established in 2008 with the mandate to formulate policies and strategies for science and technology in all fields of science and technology.
- National Biotechnology and Biosafety Policy adopted in 2008.
- National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) established with the responsibility of conducting environmental impact assessment (EIA) before any project likely to have an impact on the environment is undertaken.
- Uganda Biotechnology and Biosafety Consortium (UBBC) launched in April 2011.
- No explicit legal framework that adequately caters for biosafety issues in relation to application of modern biotechnology up to commercial level. The current research environment has been created by the existing UNCST ACT which mandates UNCST to oversee research in the country. Thus, applications of modern Biotechnology up to CFT in the country is for research purposes as the country awaits the passing of the Biotechnology and Biosafety Bill into law.
- Banana: CFT for pro-vitamin A banana and bacterial wilt resistant banana.
- Maize: CFT for drought-tolerant and disease/pest resistant maize.
- Cassava: CFT for brown streak disease resistant and mosaic resistant cassava.
- Cotton: CFT for herbicide-tolerant and boll worm resistant cotton.
- Rice: CFT for nutrient use efficient rice.
- Irish potato: CFT for disease-resistant Irish potato.